New report: Advancing the 2030 Agenda in African cities through knowledge co-production

April 30, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Investment in transdisciplinary research and training for future generations of African scientists is crucial to advancing sustainable development in African cities” Source: INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE COUNCIL The report ‘Advancing the 2030 Agenda in African cities through knowledge co-production’, sheds light on what it takes to co-produce urban knowledge through transdisciplinary (TD) research [..]

‘Breathable’ electronics pave the way for more functional wearable tech

April 30, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“The material is comfortable, very durable and allows sweat and volatile organic compounds to evaporate away from the skin” Source: North Carolina State University Engineering researchers have created ultrathin, stretchable electronic material that is gas permeable, allowing the material to “breathe.” The material was designed specifically for use in biomedical [..]

Rat spinal cords control neural function in biobots

April 29, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“The interaction between a rat spinal cord and an engineered muscle system displays behavior similar to the peripheral nervous system” Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau WASHINGTON, Tuesday, April 28, 2020 — Biological robots, or biobots, draw inspiration from natural systems to mimic the motions of organisms, such [..]

Researchers tackle a new opportunity to develop high-energy batteries

April 28, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A new electrolyte design for lithium ion batteries that improves anode capacity by more than five times compared to traditional methods.” Source: U.S. Army Research Laboratory In recent years, lithium-ion batteries have become better at supplying energy to Soldiers in the field, but the current generation of batteries never reaches [..]

Study analyzes contamination in drug manufacturing plants

April 28, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Report offers guidelines to help prevent viruses from tainting biopharmaceutical drugs.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office Over the past few decades, there have been a handful of incidents in which manufacturing processes for making protein drugs became contaminated with viruses at manufacturing plants. These were all discovered before [..]

Fueling the world sustainably: Synthesizing ammonia using less energy

April 27, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This novel catalyst is crucial for generating new raw materials that replace the classic non-renewable ones used for making many plastics.” Source: Tokyo Institute of Technology Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) have developed and analyzed a novel catalyst for the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, which is crucial [..]

Two steps closer to flexible, powerful, fast bioelectronic devices

April 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Columbia researchers design biocompatible ion-driven soft transistors that can perform real-time neurologically relevant computation and a mixed-conducting particulate composite that allows creation of electronic components out of a single material” Source: Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science Dion Khodagholy, assistant professor of electrical engineering, is focused on developing bioelectronic [..]

Inexpensive, portable detector identifies pathogens in minutes

April 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“An inexpensive yet sensitive smartphone-based testing device for viral and bacterial pathogens that takes about 30 minutes to complete.” Source: UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN, NEWS BUREAU CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Most viral test kits rely on labor- and time-intensive laboratory preparation and analysis techniques; for example, tests for the novel [..]

A new way to cool down electronic devices, recover waste heat

April 23, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Researchers developed a hydrogel that can both cool down electronics, such as cell phone batteries, and convert their waste heat into electricity” Source: American Chemical Society Using electronic devices for too long can cause them to overheat, which might slow them down, damage their components or even make them explode or [..]

Sensors woven into a shirt can monitor vital signs

April 23, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Comfortable, form-fitting garments could be used to remotely track patients’ health” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office MIT researchers have developed a way to incorporate electronic sensors into stretchy fabrics, allowing them to create shirts or other garments that could be used to monitor vital signs such as temperature, [..]

Research reveals new target that could be a foundation for malaria vaccine

April 22, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“In a study that could lead to a new vaccine against malaria, researchers have found antibodies that trigger a “kill switch” in malarial cells, causing them to self-destruct.” Source: Brown University News PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — Researchers have discovered a promising new strategy for combating malaria, a mosquito-borne parasite that [..]

Tiny sensors fit 30,000 to a penny, transmit data from living tissue

April 22, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

ITHACA, N.Y. – Cornell University researchers who build nanoscale electronics have developed microsensors so tiny, they can fit 30,000 on one side of a penny. They are equipped with an integrated circuit, solar cells and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that enable them to harness light for power and communication. And because [..]

Simulations show how to make gene therapy more effective

April 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: UNIVERSITY OF GRONINGEN NEWS Diseases with a genetic cause could, in theory, be treated by supplying a correct version of the faulty gene. However, in practice, delivering new genetic material to human cells is difficult. A promising method for the delivery of such genes involves the use of DNA/lipid [..]

High-efficiency catalyst enhancing the electric reduction performance of CO2

April 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHINA Electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuels and value-added feedstocks, ideally if powered by renewable electricity, provides a route to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and simultaneously close the carbon loop. At present, the rational design and controllable synthesis of more efficient [..]

Nanoparticles: Acidic alert

April 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“LMU researchers have synthesized nanoparticles that can be induced by a change in pH to release a deadly dose of ionized iron within cells. This mechanism could potentially open up new approaches to the targeted elimination of malignant tumors.” Source: LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITÄT MÜNCHEN Ions play crucial roles in all aspects of [..]

RIT researchers build micro-device to detect bacteria, viruses

April 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“New process improves lab-on-chip devices to isolate drug-resistant strains of bacterial infection, viruses” Source: Rochester Institute Of Technology News Engineering researchers developed a next-generation miniature lab device that uses magnetic nano-beads to isolate minute bacterial particles that cause diseases. Using this new technology improves how clinicians isolate drug-resistant strains of bacterial [..]

‘Directing’ evolution to identify potential drugs

April 16, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Scientists have developed a technique that could significantly reduce the time of discovering potential new antibody-based drugs to treat disease.” Source: University of Leeds News Antibodies are produced by the body in response to the presence of a disease-causing agent. They can also be synthesised in the laboratory to mimic [..]

Nanosensor can alert a smartphone when plants are stressed

April 15, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office MIT engineers have developed a way to closely track how plants respond to stresses such as injury, infection, and light damage, using sensors made of carbon nanotubes. These sensors can be embedded in plant leaves, where they report on hydrogen peroxide signaling waves. [..]

‘Smart toilet’ monitors for signs of disease

April 9, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: Stanford Medicine There’s a new disease-detecting technology in the lab of Sanjiv “Sam” Gambhir, MD PhD, and its No. 1 source of data is number one. And number two. It’s a smart toilet. But not the kind that lifts its own lid in preparation for use; this toilet is [..]

Engineers 3D print soft, rubbery brain implants

April 4, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office The brain is one of our most vulnerable organs, as soft as the softest tofu. Brain implants, on the other hand, are typically made from metal and other rigid materials that over time can cause inflammation and the buildup of scar tissue. MIT [..]

New sensors could offer early detection of lung tumors

April 4, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office People who are at high risk of developing lung cancer, such as heavy smokers, are routinely screened with computed tomography (CT), which can detect tumors in the lungs. However, this test has an extremely high rate of false positives, as it also picks [..]