Engineers design a device that operates like a brain synapse

June 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Ion-based technology may enable energy-efficient simulations of the brain’s learning process, for neural network AI systems.” Source: David L. Chandler | MIT News Office Teams around the world are building ever more sophisticated artificial intelligence systems of a type called neural networks, designed in some ways to mimic the wiring [..]

New discovery allows 3D printing of sensors directly on expanding organs

June 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Technology could help diagnose and monitor patients with COVID-19” Source: UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA In groundbreaking new research, mechanical engineers and computer scientists at the University of Minnesota have developed a 3D printing technique that uses motion capture technology, similar to that used in Hollywood movies, to print electronic sensors directly [..]

MIT startup wraps food in silk for better shelf life

June 7, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Cambridge Crops develops an edible, imperceptible coating that might replace plastic packaging to preserve meats and produce.” Source: Archana Apte | Abdul Latif Jameel Water and Food Systems Lab Benedetto Marelli, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at MIT, was a postdoc at Tufts University’s Omenetto Lab when he [..]

Smart sponge could clean up oil spills

May 30, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Highly porous sponge selectively soaks up oil, sparing water and wildlife” Source: Northwestern Now Story Sponge can absorb more than 30 times its weight in oil and be reused up to several dozen times Secret lies in its oleophilic, hydrophobic, magnetic (OHM) nanocomposite coating Process can turn any cheap sponge [..]

New technology enables fast protein synthesis

May 29, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Automated tabletop machine could accelerate the development of novel drugs to treat cancer and other diseases.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office Many proteins are useful as drugs for disorders such as diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. Synthesizing artificial versions of these proteins is a time-consuming process that requires genetically [..]

New technology can detect anti-virus antibody in 20 minutes

May 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“If a suitable reagent is developed, this technology could be used to detect antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19.” Source: Hokkaido University News Researchers have succeeded in detecting anti-avian influenza virus antibody in blood serum within 20 minutes, using a portable analyzer they have developed to conduct rapid [..]

Genetic barcodes can ensure authentic DNA fingerprints

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Researchers propose a way of ensuring that genetic samples taken in the field for DNA fingerprinting arrive at the laboratory unaltered” Source: DUKE UNIVERSITY DURHAM, N.C. – Engineers at Duke University and the New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering have demonstrated a method for ensuring that an increasingly popular [..]

Study unveils details of how a widely used catalyst splits water

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Gold standard” material for generating oxygen from water divulges its molecular mechanisms.” Source: David L. Chandler | MIT News Office A crystalline compound called ruthenium dioxide is widely used in industrial processes, where it’s particularly important for catalyzing a chemical reaction that splits molecules of water and releases oxygen. But [..]

Compact electronic nose to identify human lung diseases

May 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This device is designed as flexible electronics that can analyze exhaled air, as well as identify pathologies of the respiratory tract and organs.” Source: SKOLKOVO INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SKOLTECH) Researchers from Russia and Italy have proposed a compact sensor system that can implement the functionality of the electronic [..]

A soft touch for robotic hardware

May 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Combined muscles and sensors made from soft materials allow for flexible robots” Source: UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO Robots can be made from soft materials, but the flexibility of such robots is limited by the inclusion of rigid sensors necessary for their control. Researchers created embedded sensors, to replace rigid sensors, that offer [..]

Silver nanocubes make point-of-care diagnostics easier to read

May 12, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Researchers use plasmonics to enhance fluorescent markers in lab-on-a-chip diagnostic devices” Source: DUKE UNIVERSITY DURHAM, N.C. – Engineers at Duke University have shown that nanosized silver cubes can make diagnostic tests that rely on fluorescence easier to read by making them more than 150 times brighter. Combined with an emerging [..]

New tool helps distinguish the cause of blood clots

May 12, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A tool that uses machine-learning technology can distinguish the cause of different types of blood clots based on subtle differences in their shape” Source: ELIFE A new tool using cutting-edge technology is able to distinguish different types of blood clots based on what caused them, according to a study published [..]

Peptides that can be taken as a pill

May 11, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This new method help to identify those peptides that binds a disease target of interest and survive enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract.” Source: ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FÉDÉRALE DE LAUSANNE Peptides are short chains of amino acids that occur in our body, in plants or bacteria to control diverse functions. Several peptides [..]

A closer look at superconductors

May 7, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A new measuring method helps understand the physics of high-temperature superconductivity” Source: Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf From sustainable energy to quantum computers: high-temperature superconductors have the potential to revolutionize today’s technologies. Despite intensive research, however, we still lack the necessary basic understanding to develop these complex materials for widespread application. “Higgs spectroscopy” [..]

2D oxide flakes pick up surprise electrical properties

May 7, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Rice University lab detects piezoelectric effects in nanosheets due to defects” Source: Rice University News Rice University researchers have found evidence of piezoelectricity in lab-grown, two-dimensional flakes of molybdenum dioxide. Their investigation showed the surprise electrical properties are due to electrons trapped in defects throughout the material, which is less [..]

Novel device to improve performance of underactive bladders

May 5, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This innovation may open up a new treatment option for patients with underactive bladders in the near future.” Source: National University of Singapore News Individuals with an underactive bladder, for example following a spinal cord injury, often cannot sense bladder fullness or are unable to empty the bladder completely. This [..]

Technique could enable cheaper fertilizer production

May 4, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Chemical engineers take a step toward generating ammonia with small-scale, electrochemical reactors.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office Most of the world’s fertilizer is produced in large manufacturing plants, which require huge amounts of energy to generate the high temperatures and pressures needed to combine nitrogen and hydrogen into [..]

AI-supported test for very early signs of glaucoma progression

May 3, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This AI driven technology could help to accelerate clinical trials, and eventually may be used in detection and diagnostics” Source: UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON A new test can detect glaucoma progression 18 months earlier than the current gold standard method, according to results from a UCL-sponsored clinical trial. The technology, supported by [..]

‘Breathable’ electronics pave the way for more functional wearable tech

April 30, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“The material is comfortable, very durable and allows sweat and volatile organic compounds to evaporate away from the skin” Source: North Carolina State University Engineering researchers have created ultrathin, stretchable electronic material that is gas permeable, allowing the material to “breathe.” The material was designed specifically for use in biomedical [..]

Rat spinal cords control neural function in biobots

April 29, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“The interaction between a rat spinal cord and an engineered muscle system displays behavior similar to the peripheral nervous system” Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau WASHINGTON, Tuesday, April 28, 2020 — Biological robots, or biobots, draw inspiration from natural systems to mimic the motions of organisms, such [..]

Researchers tackle a new opportunity to develop high-energy batteries

April 28, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A new electrolyte design for lithium ion batteries that improves anode capacity by more than five times compared to traditional methods.” Source: U.S. Army Research Laboratory In recent years, lithium-ion batteries have become better at supplying energy to Soldiers in the field, but the current generation of batteries never reaches [..]